The Rising of the Unleavened Bread |
Those who would revise the scriptures would point to contradictions in the various versions of the Evangelists. But, thanks to St. Austin and St. John Chrysostom, all variables are accounted for and explained quite easily that in truth the inspired authors of the Gospels were most accurate in portraying the events of the day of Resurrection. For indeed, Surrexit Christus.
Comprehensive Catholic Commentary
Fr. George Leo Haydock
Editor's Note: We continue with this special feature provided by John Gregory with the Haydock Commentary found at the bottom of each page of the Douay-Rheims Bible. We publish it here in conjunction with the Epistle and Gospel for the Sunday Mass, with the cogent comprehensive Catholic Commentary penned by Father George Leo Haydock. John has urged that we put this online Saturday so readers can properly prepare for the Sunday Mass. This was not possible for Easter because of the Holy Week issue. But since we celebrate Easter throughout the week, it is an opportunity to reflect on Easter Sunday, the greatest of all Sabbaths when, we shed our sackcloths and don the robes of redemption through the ultimate sacrifice of the Lamb of God. As St. Paul asserts in one of the shortest epistles of the year, the old leaven, meaning the Old Testament, has been fulfilled. The old rites have been superseded by the new rite instituted by the Son of man on Maundy Thursday. Through the new unleavened Bread we receive the Body and Blood, Soul and Divinity of Jesus Christ our Lord and become heirs of the kingdom of Heaven, Jew and Gentile alike who abide in Him and all He has taught through His One, Holy, Catholic and Apostolic Church. Reason indeed to exclaim with great jubilation: Alleluia, alleluia. For further discernment on this, Fr. Haydock provides more food for thought in his commentary as John shows below.
Epistle: 1 Corinthians 5: 7-8
7 Purge out the old leaven, that you may be a new paste, as you are unleavened. For Christ, our Pasch, is sacrificed.
8 Therefore let us feast, not with the old leaven, nor with the leaven of malice and wickedness, but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth.
Commentary on Verse 7 and 8: Purge out the old leaven. He alludes to the precept given to the Jews of having no leaven in their houses during the seven days of the Paschal feast. For our Pasch, i.e. Paschal lamb, Christ is sacrificed: and Christians, says St. John Chrysostom, must keep this feast continually, by always abstaining from the leaven of sin. Wi.
Gospel: St. Mark 16: 1-7
1 At that time when the sabbath was past, Mary Magdalen, and Mary the mother of James, and Salome, bought sweet spices, that coming, they might anoint Jesus.
Commentary on Verse 1: Saturday evening, after the sun was set, for the Sabbath began and ended with the setting sun.
2 And very early in the morning, the first day of the week, they come to the sepulchre, the sun being now risen.
Commentary on Verse 2: St. Mark says very early, the sun being now risen, whereas St. John tells us that it was yet dark. But when St. Mark says the sun was risen, he means that it began, by its approach to the horizon, to enlighten the heavens, at which time there is still darkness remaining, (according to St. John) which decreases as light approaches the earth. St. Austin.
3 And they said one to another: Who shall roll us back the stone from the door of the sepulchre?
4 And looking, they saw the stone rolled back. For it was very great.
5 And entering into the sepulchre, they saw a young man sitting on the right side, clothed with a white robe: and they were astonished.
Commentary on Verse 5: St. Matthew says the angel was sitting on the stone, whilst St. Mark says that they saw him sitting on the right side of the sepulcher. This must not surprise us; for the angel which first appeared sitting upon the stone, might have been afterwards seen by him sitting on the right side of the sepulcher. Theophy. - Perhaps the angel mentioned by St. Matthew is different from the one mentioned by St. Mark. Or it may be understood, that the women entering the monument, which may mean the enclosure of it, saw the angel sitting on the stone, which was placed on the right side of the sepulcher. St. Austin.
6 Who saith to them: Be not affrighted; you seek Jesus of Nazareth, Who was crucified: He is risen, He is not here, behold the place where they laid Him.
7 But go, tell His disciples and Peter that He goeth before you into Galilee; there you shall see Him, as He told you.